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Silverfish

Creepy Crawlers in your home

Insect wingless that feeds on carbohydrates, sugars and starches that gets from paper, their main food in our homes, where can sometimes be found especially at night. It can reach 15 mm, and usually takes about three years to reach adulthood.


Silverfish live in habitats of high humidity such as in damp leaf litter, in urban areas they will live in bathrooms and kitchens, but are no risk to humans.  Their flattened bodies enable them to hide in crevices.


Eggs of the Silverfish take several weeks to hatch, nymphs moult several times and mature at around three months old.  Adults continue to moult through their lifetime and can live for up to 8 years.  Males and females have complex courtship behaviours involving antennal shaking and leg brushing.  The male then produces a sac of sperm, which the female takes into her body to fertilise her eggs.  Eggs are laid in groups and females will only lay a few groups during her lifetime.


Silverfish are scavengers, eating starchy material such as cellulose in paper and left over food scraps.  They can however survive for long periods without food.  Silverfish are nocturnal and use their fast speed to escape from predators such as spiders.

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